SIOUX FALLS, S.D. (AP) — South Dakota’s execution of a man who fatally stabbed a co-worker in 1992 was on hold Monday as the state waited to hear from the U.S. Supreme Court before carrying out the lethal injection.
Charles Russell Rhines was supposed to be executed at 1:30 p.m. on Monday for the slaying of 22-year-old Donnivan Schaeffer at a Rapid City doughnut shop. But the state said it would not act until the nation’s high court had ruled on three pending appeals from Rhines.
Rhines, now 63, last week unsuccessfully challenged the drug the state plans to use in the execution at the state prison in Sioux Falls.
Rhines argued the drug, pentobarbital, isn’t the “ultra-short-acting” drug he’s entitled to, but a circuit judge ruled it acts as fast or faster than other drugs Rhines cited when used in lethal doses. The state Supreme Court rejected Rhines’ appeal of that ruling on Monday, and his attorneys promptly appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Rhines had already asked the U.S. Supreme Court to block his execution on two other grounds. He argues that the jury that sentenced him to death had an anti-gay bias, a claim the court declined to hear before. He also argues that the state has denied him access to experts to examine him for cognitive and psychiatric impairments; the state argued that he was examined by mental health experts and found competent.
Gov. Kristi Noem has said she won’t block the execution. South Dakota’s last execution in 2018 was on hold for some five hours waiting for the high court to respond to appeals.
Schaeffer was delivering supplies to Dig ‘Em Donuts where he worked when Rhines ambushed him, stabbing him in the stomach. Bleeding from his wound, Schaeffer begged to be taken to a hospital, vowing to keep silent about the crime; instead, he was forced into a storeroom, tied up and stabbed to death.
Steve Allender, a Rapid City police detective at the time of the killing who is now the city’s mayor, said Rhines’ jury sentenced him to death partly because of Rhines’ “chilling laughter” as he described Schaeffer’s death spasms.
“I watched the jury as they listened to the confession of Charles Rhines on audiotape and their reaction to his confession was appropriate. Any human being would be repulsed by the things he said and the way he said them,” Allender told KELO.
Rhines attended Schaeffer’s funeral, then moved to Seattle a few days later. Authorities thought the move was odd because Rhines had vowed to never return to Washington state, where he had spent time in prison. Allender said authorities initially interviewed Rhines and felt something was off, but Rhines wasn’t arrested until four months later — after Rhines told his former roommate about the killing.
Rhines wrote to the Argus Leader in May 2013, saying that when he saw a grieving mother on the news in an unrelated case, he realized what he had done to Schaeffer’s mother.
“Just at the cusp of her beloved child becoming an independent person, a responsible adult with a family and friends surrounding him and his mother waiting expectantly for grandchildren to spoil, having all that snatched away for almost no reason at all and the hole it has had to have left in her heart,” he wrote. “Prosecutors talk of closure, but that wound will never close, no matter how long it is there.”
Peggy Schaeffer, Donnivan’s mother, rejected the words as insincere.
Schaeffer’s family declined to speak with The Associated Press in advance of Rhines’ execution. In June, when a judge scheduled the execution, Peggy Schaeffer told reporters, “This step was one big one for justice for Donnivan. It’s just time.”
About 30 protesters gathered in snow flurries outside the state prison in Sioux Falls where Rhines was to be executed, praying and singing hymns. Denny Davis, director of South Dakotans for Alternatives to the Death Penalty, said they accept that Rhines will be executed but hope to steer public opinion against capital punishment.
“It is about a culture shift and changing the values of people,” he said. “Why would we want to put this person to death when society is already safe?”